Evolving from isolated groups to communities, societies, and later civilisations, these oldest civilisations may no longer exist in their original form, but they were no less important to the progress of mankind. Join us as we explore the world’s oldest civilisations.
The Chinese Civilisation
Dating back to 1600BC-1046BC, the ancient Chinese civilisation was located in the Yellow River and Yangtze regions and evolved to become China as we know it today. Starting with the Yellow River civilisation which is said to be the beginning of the entire civilisation, the Yellow Emperor began his rule in 2700BC which led to the formation of the many dynasties which would go on to rule mainland China.
Lasting more than 4 millennia, the ancient Chinese civilisation was responsible for the invention of gunpowder, paper, alcohol, and much more.
The Mayan Civilisation
The Mayan civilisation was originally located in present-day Yucatan and today its descendants can found in Quintana Roo, Campeche, and Yucatan in Mexico and south through Guatemala and Honduras. Flourishing from approximately 2600BC in Central America, the Mayan civilisation is most well-known for the calendar they created and at their peak they were 19 million strong.
Culturally rich in comparison to their contemporaries, the reason behind the collapse of this astounding civilisation during the 8th-9th centuries remains a mystery today. We can’t help but wonder if this ancient people would’ve enjoyed today’s top Canadian mobile casino as they were enduringly curious!
The Ancient Egyptian Civilisation
World-renowned for their remarkable culture, pharaohs, and abiding pyramids, the ancient Egyptian civilisation formed around 3150BC and prospered until 30BC. Originally located along the banks of the Nile, the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt took place under the first pharaoh Narmer who was the first king of the First Dynasty.
From this ancient civilisation we gained hieroglyphics, the pyramids, and the mummies that still preserve the ancient pharaohs today. The descendants of this ancient culture still reside in Egypt today.
The Indus Valley Civilisation
Originally located in an area extending from what is today known as northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India, the Indus Valley civilisation existed between 3300BC and 1900BC.
As one of the earliest civilisations of the ancient world, the Indus Valley people spanned an area of 1.25 million kilometres and the peak of this ancient culture is said to have lasted from 2600BC to 1900BC. Incredibly advanced for the time, the Indus Valley people achieved incredible accuracy in measuring time, length, and mass.
The Mesopotamian Civilisation
Known as the world’s first civilisation, the Mesopotamian civilisation was originally located to the northeast of the Zagros Mountains and the southeast of the Arabian plateau.
Dating so far back that there is no known evidence of any other civilised society having come before, the timeline of Mesopotamia is believed to be from around 3300BC to 750BC.
Around 8000BC people began to domesticate animals for both food and farming and the first concepts of agriculture slowly started to develop. Prospering in Babylonia, Sumer, and Assyria Highlands, these areas are regions of modern-day Iraq today.